Hittites

Hittites
   Palestine and Syria appear to have been originally inhabited by three different tribes.
   1) The Semites, living on the east of the isthmus of Suez. They were nomadic and pastoral tribes.
   2) The Phoenicians, who were merchants and traders; and
   3) the Hittites, who were the warlike element of this confederation of tribes. They inhabited the whole region between the Euphrates and Damascus, their chief cities being Carchemish on the Euphrates, and Kadesh, now Tell Neby Mendeh, in the Orontes valley, about six miles south of the Lake of Homs. These Hittites seem to have risen to great power as a nation, as for a long time they were formidable rivals of the Egyptian and Assyrian empires. In the book of Joshua they always appear as the dominant race to the north of Galilee.
   Somewhere about the twenty-third century B.C. the Syrian confederation, led probably by the Hittites, arched against Lower Egypt, which they took possession of, making Zoan their capital. Their rulers were the Hyksos, or shepherd kings. They were at length finally driven out of Egypt. Rameses II. sought vengeance against the "vile Kheta," as he called them, and encountered and defeated them in the great battle of Kadesh, four centuries after Abraham. (See Joshua.)
   They are first referred to in Scripture in the history of Abraham, who bought from Ephron the Hittite the field and the cave of Machpelah (Gen. 15:20: 23:3-18). They were then settled at Kirjath-arba. From this tribe Esau took his first two wives (26:34; 36:2).
   They are afterwards mentioned in the usual way among the inhabitants of the Promised Land (Ex. 23:28). They were closely allied to the Amorites, and are frequently mentioned along with them as inhabiting the mountains of Palestine. When the spies entered the land they seem to have occupied with the Amorites the mountain region of Judah (Num. 13:29). They took part with the other Canaanites against the Israelites (Josh. 9:1; 11:3).
   After this there are few references to them in Scripture. Mention is made of "Ahimelech the Hittite" (1 Sam. 26:6), and of "Uriah the Hittite," one of David's chief officers (2 Sam. 23:39; 1 Chr. 11:41). In the days of Solomon they were a powerful confederation in the north of Syria, and were ruled by "kings." They are met with after the Exile still a distinct people (Ezra 9:1; comp. Neh. 13:23-28).
   The Hebrew merchants exported horses from Egypt not only for the kings of Israel, but also for the Hittites (1 Kings 10:28, 29). From the Egyptian monuments we learn that "the Hittites were a people with yellow skins and Mongoloid' features, whose receding foreheads, oblique eyes, and protruding upper jaws are represented as faithfully on their own monuments as they are on those of Egypt, so that we cannot accuse the Egyptian artists of caricaturing their enemies. The Amorites, on the contrary, were a tall and handsome people. They are depicted with white skins, blue eyes, and reddish hair, all the characteristics, in fact, of the white race" (Sayce's The Hittites). The original seat of the Hittite tribes was the mountain ranges of Taurus. They belonged to Asia Minor, and not to Syria.

Easton's Bible Dictionary. . 1897.

Игры ⚽ Нужно сделать НИР?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • HITTITES — La découverte des Hittites est le résultat d’une longue enquête philologique et archéologique qui débute au temps du déchiffrement des hiéroglyphes égyptiens. Le nom d’un grand pays, en relation avec la cour égyptienne de la XVIIIe dynastie,… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • HITTITES — HITTITES, an ancient people of Anatolia. The name Hittites is taken from the biblical Hebrew Ḥitti (gentilic), plural Ḥittim, which stems from the form Ḥatti found as a geographic term in cuneiform texts, the vowel change resulting from a Hebrew… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Hittites — • One of the many peoples of North Western Asia, styled Hittim in the Hebrew Bible, Khuti or Kheta on the Egyptian monuments, and Hatti in the cuneiform documents Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Hittites — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Hittite. Les Hittites sont un peuple ayant vécu dans l Anatolie au IIe millénaire av. J.‑C. Ils doivent leur nom à la région à partir de laquelle ils ont établi leur royaume principal, le Hatti,… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Hittites — For the people of the Hebrew Bible, see Biblical Hittites. The Hittites were a Bronze Age people of Anatolia. They established a kingdom centered at Hattusa in north central Anatolia c. the 18th century BC. The Hittite empire reached its… …   Wikipedia

  • Hittites — c.1740 1190 BC.     In the second millennium BC, the Land of Hatti emerged first as a state and then as an empire, created by kings who ruled from a mountainous homeland in the north of Asia Minor (Anatolia). The name Hittite has been applied to… …   Ancient Egypt

  • HITTITES —    A people speaking an Indo European language who formed a powerful state in central Anatoliain the second millennium B.C.    Having penetrated into Asia Minor by several routes since the late third millennium, they took the name of an… …   Historical Dictionary of Mesopotamia

  • Hittites —    An important ancient Near Eastern people who spoke an Indo European language and established a powerful kingdom called Hatti centered in Anatolia in the early second millennium b.c. By the late eighteenth century B.C., the Hittites had built a …   Ancient Mesopotamia dictioary

  • Hittites — A major power in the 14th cent. BCE from a base in Asia Minor (modern Turkey), conquering north and central Syria and most of Lebanon, but they were eventually absorbed into the Assyrian and Babylonian empires. There are references to Hittites in …   Dictionary of the Bible

  • Hittites — Hit·tite || hɪtaɪt n. member of an ancient people in northern Syria and Asia Minor during the second millenium BC; extinct language of this people adj. of or pertaining to the Hittites or their language (ancient people in northern Syria and… …   English contemporary dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”